Monitoring the reproductive health
Marcela Bulcu (Italy)
Azienda Ospedaliera S.Camillo, Rome, Italy
In the last forty years, Italy has known signficant demographical changes. Italy’s rate birth is the lowest in Europe and indeed the lowest in the worls today. The fertility rate began to decrease dramatically from the end of the 1960s. The natality rates declined steadily until it reached a value of about 1.2 children per woman during the most recent years. Morover, the infant mortality has been reduced thanks to the success of the reproductive health system.
A positive sign of the demographic developpement is a continuing and satble decline in nembers of legal abortions. A reduction attributed to the correct use of contraceptive methods and the institution of family planning centers in the 1970s.
However, the abortion rate increased among the migrant population, passing from 10,1% in 1996 to 29,6% in 2005 and 31% in 2006. For this reason, a lot of programs and compaigns has been created to promote the reproductive health among the migrants, taking in consideration their life conditions.
Breast objection increased, in some country redoubles respecting anterior years.